KIDNEY FAILURE IN DOGS, THE COMPLETE GUIDE: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND SOLUTIONS

KIDNEY FAILURE IN DOGS, THE COMPLETE GUIDE: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND SOLUTIONS

 

Did you just learn that your dog is suffering from kidney failure, or do you want to learn more about this disease? Knowing that kidney failure can affect one in ten dogs during their life, you would do well to educate yourself on how to detect and treat it, or better yet, prevent it.

 

If, like me, your dog is more advanced in age, you will be aware that despite all of your best endeavors to offer him the best living conditions, he is safe from nothing. Therefore, I thought I would share with you as much practical information as possible about kidney disease in dogs; the causes and symptoms of kidney failure and especially the treatments and habits that can improve or moderate the condition.

 

 

What purpose do kidneys serve for dogs?

 

In fact, a dog's kidneys have essentially the same function as ours: detoxify the blood by filtering the waste (toxins) produced by the body, maintain the balance of water and electrolytes, produce hormones, regulate blood pressure and vitamin D, and help create red blood cells.

 

The kidneys are therefore extremely important organs and a dog suffering from kidney failure would be faced with many health problems: its entire body would be affected.

 

 

THE TWO TYPES OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN DOGS

 

Kidney disease in dogs can occur in two forms: chronic kidney failure and acute kidney failure.

 

 ALSO : Help your dog with against his kidney failure NATURALLY!

 

What is chronic kidney failure in dogs?


    Chronic kidney failure in dogs is the result of a slow and insidious process that occurs over the course of months or even years. The symptoms do not necessarily arouse suspicion at the beginning, so that when the disease is diagnosed, the animal’s kidneys are already largely no longer doing their job. Chronic kidney disease in dogs is unfortunately irreversible for this reason.

     

    However, if your dog has been diagnosed with chronic kidney disease recently, do not panic and read the rest of this article! Many solutions are available to you to extend your pet’s life expectancy and quality of life.

     

     

    What is acute kidney failure in dogs?

     

      Acute kidney failure in dogs is different from chronic failure in that it occurs suddenly. This also includes acute kidney damage.

       

      Acute kidney failure may be related, for example, to severe dehydration, urinary obstruction, ingestion of a toxic substance or bacterial infection. The symptoms are therefore circumstantial and sudden.

       

      Most acute kidney damage in dogs can be treated if you act quickly, but they must be considered emergencies. The symptoms are so blatant most of the time that you cannot miss them.

       

      It is possible that acute kidney diseases will damage the kidneys in the longer term if they are not treated quickly enough or if the kidney damage is unfortunately too significant. However, since you are reading this article, you will know how to recognize the symptoms and this may enable you to prevent the consequences of acute kidney disease as much as possible.

       

        

      SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY FAILURE IN DOGS

       

       

      How to know if my dog is suffering from chronic kidney disease?

       

      Chronic kidney disease in dogs arrives slowly and the symptoms described below therefore do not appear all at the same time, but are progressive.

       

      The first symptoms of chronic kidney disease are usually thirst, the need to urinate more frequently, or bad breath. This then progresses to more obvious symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. In any case, chronic kidney disease can be better treated if it is captured at early stages.

       

      Here are the most often observed symptoms of chronic kidney failure in dogs. Note that these signs may also be related to other conditions. Consult an animal health professional who will be best placed to advise you.

       

       1. Observable signs of chronic kidney disease in dogs:

       

      •         blood in the urine;

      •         vomiting;

      •         general weakness;

      •         increase in urination (even at night);

      •         excessive thirst;

      •         bad breath;

      •         ulcers in the mouth;

      •         low mobility;

      •         hunched posture;

      •         muscular weakness;

      •         loss of balance;

      •         convulsions;

      •         paws or other body parts swollen due to water retention;

      •         blood in the eyes;

      •         retinal detachments.

       

      2. Symptoms of chronic kidney disease that can be identified by a health professional:

       

      •         hypertension;

      •         anemia (a decrease in the production of red blood cells);

      •         dehydration;

      •         change in the size of the kidneys;

      •         endocrine disorders.

       

       

       

      How to know if my dog is suffering from acute kidney damage?

       

      Symptoms of acute kidney failure in dogs appear suddenly and need to put you on alert.

       

      •         diarrhea;

      •         total loss of appetite;

      •         extreme lethargy;

      •         disorientation;

      •         significant physical weakness;

      •         difficulty urinating;

      •         loss of coordination;

      •         vomiting.

       

      If these symptoms occur alone or together, severely and quickly, they can put your dog's life in danger. They require emergency intervention.

       

      So why do some dogs develop these symptoms? Knowing the causes of kidney disease can help you prevent it or change some of your pet’s lifestyle habits.

       

       

      CAUSES OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN DOG

       

      Know that one of the first causes of kidney disease in dogs is age. The older our dog gets, the greater the risk that its kidneys will malfunction.

       

       

      What are the causes of chronic kidney failure?

       

      This list is not exhaustive, but it presents the main causes of the disease:

       

      •         degeneration of kidney tissue due to age;

      •         heredity;

      •         congenital malformation (younger dogs);

      •         consequence of untreated or poorly treated kidney infection;

      •         kidney damage;

      •         repetitive urinary tract infections;

      •         kidney malformation;

      •         diabetes;

      •         lymphoma;

      •         cancer.

       

       

      What are the causes of acute kidney failure?


      •         poor blood circulation to the kidneys due to severe bleeding;

      •         trauma;

      •         inflammation;

      •         parasites;

      •         severe dehydration;

      •         heart failure;

      •         major damage to the kidney;

      •         fungal, viral or bacterial infections;

      •         poisoning by certain toxic substances (anti-freeze, drugs, repellents, poisonous plants, etc.);

      •         urinary blockage (stones in the bladder or urethra);

      •         consequences of surgery or existing disease (due to decreased blood flow in the kidneys).

       

       

      PREVENTION OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN DOGS

       

      We cannot fight against hereditary or congenital malformations, but we do have power over some things.

       

      Here are 7 essential tips to display on your fridge!

       

      1. Have regular routine check-ups at the vet for prevention rather than a cure.

      2. Help your pet maintain a healthy weight.

      3. Keep your dog well-hydrated. It should always have a bowl of clean water at its disposal, even during travels (bring a bottle).

      4. Give it a healthy diet following the advice of a health professional and allow it to consume fresh foods. Consider the advice of a natural medicine veterinarian for dietary supplements that improve quality of life.

      5. Make sure you do not leave anything dangerous within your dog's reach: drugs, garlic, onion, plants, rat poison, pesticides, antifreeze, heavy metals, etc.

      6. Give it vaccinations, medication or surgical procedures only if necessary.

      7. Give priority to natural treatments.

       

       

      Will these measures assure that your dog will never suffer from kidney disease?

       

      I will not lie to you: no. But they will give the maximum chance to your dog and will ensure a healthy lifestyle and a better overall health. The healthier and stronger our dogs are, the less likely they are to develop diseases.

       

      However, genetics and circumstances in life mean that it could still happen. So, how do you properly diagnose the disease? What are the examinations that your dog will have to undergo? Personally, it worried me a little when I had to take my dog for some of these examinations, but remind yourself that it's always better to do it than to miss something.

       

       

      DIAGNOSIS OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN DOGS

       

      The veterinarian will firstly do an external and internal physical examination with your dog. This could therefore identify pains, abnormal posture, limbs that are swollen with water retention, swollen or sore kidneys, and back or flank pain. A rectal examination could also detect urethral, bladder or prostate disease related to kidney disease.

       

      Here are the most common exams that your health professional may also advise you to undergo based on the health status and symptoms of your pet:

       

      •         measurement of blood pressure;

      •         complete blood profile;

      •         complete blood count;

      •         urine analysis;

      •         test for the detection of infectious diseases that may affect the kidneys (e.g. Lyme disease);

      •         X-ray or ultrasound imaging;

      •         ultrasound;

      •         chemistry profile with electrolytes;

      •         urine protein to creatinine ratio.

       

       

      What do blood tests reveal?

       

      The blood test will enable a measure of certain toxins produced by the body and normally eliminated by the kidneys such as urea or creatinine. If the kidneys do not work, the urea and creatinine levels will be high, which will be a sign of kidney disease in your dog.

       

       

      What do X-ray examinations reveal?

       

      When the kidneys do not work or perform poorly, their size often changes. Often, they atrophy. These examinations can also reveal changes in size of the prostate and bladder; two organs closely related to the proper functioning of the kidneys.

       

      Whether your dog suffers from chronic or acute kidney failure, it will undoubtedly undergo numerous examinations to establish a reliable diagnosis. You should know that most of these examinations do not cause pain and are very effective. If you are close to your dog, everything will be fine because they will feel confident.

       

       

      TREATMENT OF KIDNEY DISEASE IN DOGS

       

      Now that you know how to identify kidney disease in dogs, these are the solutions that you want!

       

      The treatment depends of course on the stage your animal is at. Also, we do not treat chronic kidney failure and acute kidney failure in exactly in the same way. In any case, turn to an animal health professional for advice.

       

      In cases of chronic kidney failure, the destruction of the kidneys is progressive, so often the disease is unfortunately diagnosed when the organs are already in a bad state.

       

      However, a dog that receives this diagnosis may still hope to have some good years ahead of him with proper treatment. Unfortunately, unlike humans, dialysis or kidney transplantation is not possible in dogs, but other care is possible and will help reduce the symptoms of the disease or slow down its progression.

       

       

      A suitable diet

       

        Ask your veterinarian for advice on what diet is suitable for YOUR dog's condition.

         

        Some professionals agree that a diet low in protein is important both clinically and biochemically. Proteins are high in phosphorus, which would create a high nitrogen load and could put pressure on the liver and kidneys.

         

        This theory, however, is not supported by all nutritionists and veterinarians. Any changes to your pet's diet should therefore be supported by advice from a health professional. In fact, a low protein diet could create a deficiency in amino acids.

         

        Here are some basic tips that you could put into practice:

         

        •         use balanced raw food;

        •         offer calcium-rich foods and add dark green leafy vegetables to the diet to keep phosphorus levels low;

        •         give probiotics and prebiotics to eliminate toxic waste;

        •         avoid dry food that promotes dehydration;

        •         avoid dry and canned dog food that increases the toxin load.

         

         

        Good hydration

           

          It is essential that your pet always has fresh water nearby in order to be well-hydrated.

           

          When a dog is really dehydrated as a result of kidney disease, your veterinarian may suggest intravenous or subcutaneous hydration. This is sometimes called liquid therapy.

           

           

          Other possible treatments

             

            Your veterinarian may also suggest:

             

            •         infusions to support the body and eliminate toxins accumulated in the blood;

            •         diuretics to increase urinary secretions;

            •         medicines to fight against vomiting and diarrhea;

            •         antibiotics in case of infection;

            •         a specific treatment to mitigate the consequences of the disease (e.g. for blood pressure).

             

             

            NATURAL TREATMENTS TO ALLEVIATE KIDNEY FAILURE IN DOGS

             

            Of the treatments we have mentioned so far, some are more invasive than others, but remain essential. However, it is still possible to alleviate many symptoms of kidney disease with natural care that will have fewer side effects.

             

             

            Phytotherapy or Herbal Medicine

             

              Some plants can have really beneficial effects on the kidneys, liver, blood circulation or bladder, including: orthosiphon, desmodium, ginkgo, dandelion or milk thistle. The piloselle has diuretic and antiseptic properties which are very effective in cases of urinary tract infection.

               

              Ask a specialist for advice before administering a natural remedy to your pet. Even though they are natural, some products can have damaging health effects if taken with other foods and / or medicines.

               

               

              Chinese Medicine

                 

                Some Chinese herbs can stimulate increased blood flow to the kidneys, thus resulting in more elimination of toxins from the bloodstream.

                 

                If you are using a Chinese medicine professional, be sure to tell them all of the medicines and natural products that your dog is taking.

                 

                 

                Homeopathy

                   

                  The benefits of homeopathy on animals no longer need to be proven. Some available treatments may help to reduce the symptoms of kidney disease.

                   

                  Specific treatments such as the Kidney Failure remedy act on failure and functional impairment of the kidneys and on renal edema.

                   

                  The main point of interest for the homeopathic approach is its holistic approach. The therapist takes into account the animal as a whole and not just its symptoms. Each individual is different and there are many types of kidney disorders that cannot all be treated in the same way. If your dog suffers from kidney failure, a good homeopath will take into account its experiences and background and will put together a personalized remedy.

                   

                  Homeopathy will allow you to treat your pet as naturally as possible, without side effects and with a personalized approach. You can also use it in conjunction with more traditional treatments.

                   

                   

                  WHAT LIFE EXPECTANCY CAN I HOPE FOR MY DOG WITH KIDNEY DISEASE?

                   

                  •         A dog with chronic kidney failure cannot be cured. However, like any disease, the sooner it is diagnosed, the longer the dog's life expectancy is. Treatments for chronic kidney disease in dogs therefore aim to reduce the symptoms of the disease, slow down the effects and allow the animal to live better with its disease.

                   

                  •         If a dog is suffering from another disease that has the effect of reducing blood flow to the kidneys or causes an obstruction to the urinary tract, the resulting kidney failure can be treated. Hence the importance to not delay before consulting.

                   

                  •         In cases of acute kidney disease, if after treatment (antibiotics, liquid therapy, medications or other), urea and creatinine return to normal, it will be considered that the dog is out of danger. If otherwise, the dog must be monitored because its kidneys have been weakened.

                   

                   

                  CONCLUSION


                  You will probably agree with me that the key to fighting kidney disease in our dogs is to have regular medical follow-ups, especially as they get older. Measurements of urea and creatinine to check for regular kidney function will help to avoid unpleasant surprises.

                   

                  If kidney failure is detected, it is essential to rely on a special diet under the guidance of a professional in order to increase the life expectancy of the dog.

                   

                  Finally, I personally recommend natural treatments such as homeopathy that, in the case of my dog, have been truly effective in many situations. Additionally, at Homeoanimal, you can benefit from the personalized advice of an experienced team that takes into account the overall health of our dogs and not just their symptoms. It's very reassuring. Do not hesitate to contact us to ask questions!

                   

                  In terms of kidney failure, the key word to remember is: vigilance. Being alert to any changes in the behavior or habits of your dog will help you to intervene quickly. This is also valuable advice for any state of health.

                   

                  Keep this little guide close to you and do not hesitate to share it, especially with people whose dog is starting to age.

                   

                  Join us on Facebook, where we frequently post pet owners tips like how to save on vet bills and how to keep your dog or cat as healthy as can be (you’ll find more animal-related stories, tips, and guides too!). Don’t forget to sign up for our newsletter to be updated on future blogs and features -- no junk, we promise!

                   

                   

                   

                   


                  About the Author


                  Denyse Lessard
                  ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE THERAPIST

                  Denyse Lessard is a therapist in alternative medicine. She is the creator of the company’s entire line of natural remedies.

                  She has an extensive educational background and has earned multiple degrees, including diplomas in Chinese medicine, Reflexology, Naturopathy & Iridology, and Homeopathy. She is also a member of the Association of Naturopaths and Naturotherapists of Quebec, and the Professional Union of Homeopaths of Quebec.

                  When working with her patients, Denyse believe in not only helping pets achieve optimum health, but keeping them in tip-top shape for their entire lives.

                  Click HERE and learn more about Denyse

                  Feel free to contact me anytime at support@homeonanimal.com

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